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Goodwill is also a vibration that places its stamp of intention on words and actions and evokes a like response from life. The goodwill and harmony between Mr. Bennet, Eliza, Jane, Charlotte and the Gardiners is the source of all the accomplishments in the story.

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  1. Charlotte
  2. Charlotte’s goodwill is generous, non-mercenary, pristine and pure, with a touch of divinity. How many people would have been capable of wishing her pretty friend a 10 times higher marriage to Darcy, when her own prospects as a 27 year old, plain girl are so limited? Her goodwill is a direct instrument for the marriages of both Jane and Eliza. The first description of Bingley reaches the Bennet ladies through Mr. and Mrs. Lucas. Charlotte is the first to dance with Bingley at Meryton ball. She also hands him off to Jane next. She is the one who overhears Bingley speaking about Jane’s beauty to Mr. Robinson and then reports it to the Bennets. She is the one who counsels that Jane should express her interest in Bingley more overtly to encourage him. Charlotte and Sir Lucas try in goodwill to bring Darcy and Eliza together, despite Eliza’s rude response to Charlotte’s engagement. Charlotte alerts Eliza to Darcy’s interest in her and urges Eliza to take interest in Darcy rather than Wickham. Sir Lucas brings Eliza to Hunsford on Charlotte’s invitation where Darcy proposes in Charlotte’s room.

    What is the response of life to the Lucases’ goodwill? Charlotte, who helps Eliza get Pemberley, inherits Longbourn, an accomplishment that far exceeded her expectations. Because Mrs. Bennet speaks negatively about Charlotte’s marriage in spite of their goodwill and positive role in the marriage of Mrs. Bennet’s daughters, she loses Longbourn to a Lucas. Goodwill is a power, which when rejected, comes back with repercussions.

    But why does Charlotte’s reward come in the form of a Collins? Interpreted in a less complementary manner, the Lucases’ solicitude is that of a titled business family for the Bennet’s aristocratic lineage. It is socially motivated based on their perception of Bennet’s superior social status. The Lucases’ goodwill is squeamish and snobbish. Charlotte defends Darcy’s right to act haughtily. Therefore, she gets a squeamish and snobbish Mr. Collins.

  3. Eliza
  4. Eliza is energetic, cheerful, and expansive with intense goodwill for Jane and an eagerness to see her well married. Jane gets Bingley, a man with ₤4000 a year income. Because Jane is positive toward Eliza and receives her support with goodwill, Eliza gets Darcy with ₤10,000 a year.

    Eliza rejects Collins’ proposal with goodwill and tries not to hurt his feelings. Eliza’s rejection of Collins is so offensive to his nerves that he rushes out, proposes to Charlotte and leaves Longbourn shortly thereafter. Later Collins serves as an instrument for Eliza to get a good man.

  5. Collins
  6. Collins expresses a genuine motive of goodwill in coming to the Bennets looking for a wife, so that Longbourn may remain within the family after the entail passes to him. As a result, he gets a very good girl who is far more suitable for him that any of the Bennet girls would have been. Collins later plays an unintentional role in furthering the relationship between Eliza and Darcy when he receives Eliza as a guest at the parsonage.

    Collins takes Eliza’s rejection of his marriage proposal as an abuse, even though it is well meant and actually brings him good fortune. It leads him to marry Elizabeth’s friend, Charlotte, the best wife he could get. In return, he informs Lady Catherine of Darcy’s intention to marry Eliza. Lady Catherine’s abuse of Eliza, a direct result of Collins’ initiative, brings good fortune to Eliza, just as Eliza’s rejection of Collins brought good fortune to him. Lady Catherine tells Darcy about Elizabeth’s reaction, which gives him hope about their relationship. Good fortune comes in the form of abuse in both cases.

    When Collins returns to Herefordshire a second time after proposing to Charlotte, why does he again choose to stay at Longbourn when he could have stayed with the Lucases? Consciously or subconsciously, Collins wants to retaliate for Eliza’s rejection by reminding the Bennets of his physical claim on their property. He claims the right of return as a cousin, but subtly it reminds everyone that he will eventually inherit Longbourn. Because he does return, he superficially heals the breech with the Bennets caused by Eliza’s rejection of his proposal: his return says in effect that all is forgiven and we are still loving cousins. Therefore, he cannot object when Charlotte later invites Eliza to Rosings, which becomes the occasion for Darcy to propose. In fact, Collins welcomes the invitation because he is eager to show Eliza what she has missed by not marrying him.

  7. Gardiners’ goodwill
  8. Before he has even met them, Darcy scorns the Gardiners for living in Cheapside. Later they are responsible for bringing Eliza to Derbyshire and Pemberley. They present the occasion for Darcy to show he has given up his arrogance. They are true agents of goodwill, directly or indirectly connected with the marriages of Lydia, Jane and Eliza. They become welcome guests at Pemberley after Eliza’s marriage.


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