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Act – Activities – System – Organisation – Institution – Culture – Custom – Usage – Consciousness
In the chain of development, Organisation is the fourth stage and Institution is the fifth. Institution is a stage of transition in the process of growth. This transition takes place at the level of organisation, authority, hierarchy and strategy.
- The transition from Organization to Institution can be described as:
- Centralised authority changes into uncentralised non-authority. The pyramid becomes a flat structure.
- One central head evolves into many individuals having their own authority.
- Outer exertion of authority evolves into inner values urging each individual to action.
- Rigidly structured organisation evolves into non-structured, non-organisation.
- Leadership moves from a single individual to every individual member.
The stage of Institution represents the silent transformation of social experience as it matures into social living. Experience needs to be organised for results. Living is experience integrating with existence. This is an inevitable process society undergoes to consolidate its experience. For instance:
- Public conscience matures into codified law
- Society gives up promiscuity in favour of marriage.
- Arranged marriage gives way to love marriage.
- Marriage matures into dissolution of marriage.
- Closely preserved education at the top aristocratic level moves down to become universal education made compulsory.
- Stationary man becomes a globe globetrotter.
None of these is a unidimensional change. In his time, Martin Luther was a rebel against the accumulated superstition of the church. It was around that period Shakespeare saw MIND was born in the common man and depicted the tribulations of its birth in Hamlet. Gutenberg’s printing press was invented, a technological advance that made it possible to print the Bible for the masses and convert half of Europe to Protestantism. Society advances on all fronts simultaneously -- changing attitudes, discovering new resources, advancing technology giving new understanding to the individual about himself, etc. Society is not static for a moment. It consists of millions of facets. Viewing society as a living organism undergoing change as growth, development and evolution, we observe myriad phenomena. The demise of the centralised organisation is one. The emergence of the flat, uncentralised ‘organisation’ that is not an administered organisation but a self-sustaining institution is another.