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Elizabeth awoke the next morning to the same thoughts and meditations which had at length closed her eyes. She could not yet recover from the surprise of what had happened: it was impossible to think of anything else; and totally indisposed for employment, she resolved, soon after breakfast, to indulge herself in air and exercise. She was proceeding directly to her favourite walk, when the recollection of Mr. Darcy's sometimes coming there stopped her, and instead of entering the park she turned up the lane, which led her farther from the turnpike-road. The park paling was still the boundary on one side, and she soon passed one of the gates into the ground.
For months or years, these thoughts constantly linger in the mind till the problem is resolved.
Thought remains in the mind as long as the problem is alive.
Either when it understands or is resolved, thoughts can disappear.
Something is a problem as long as it is not understood.
More than the thoughts, the emotion of surprise lingered in the mind.
It is a surprise when it is improbable.
The moment one understands the process, the surprise disappears.
Employment needs energy.
When thoughts occupy the mind like this, there is no energy for employment.
Unconsciously she chooses the park where she used to meet him.
It means at that level Darcy lives in her.
This was the first major experience for Elizabeth, which powerfully touched her personality, and she is literally submerged in it. It stirred her genius
After walking two or three times along that part of the lane, she was tempted, by the pleasantness of the morning, to stop at the gates and look into the park. The five weeks which she had now passed in Kent had made a great difference in the country, and every day was adding to the verdure of the early trees. She was on the point of continuing her walk, when she caught a glimpse of a gentleman within the sort of grove which edged the park: he was moving that way; and fearful of its being Mr. Darcy, she was directly retreating. But the person who advanced was now near enough to see her, and stepping forward with eagerness, pronounced her name. She had turned away; but on hearing herself called, though in a voice which proved it to be Mr. Darcy, she moved again towards the gate. He had by that time reached it also, and, holding out a letter, which she instinctively took, said, with a look of haughty composure, "I have been walking in the grove some time in the hope of meeting you. Will you do me the honour of reading that letter?" And then, with a slight bow, turned again into the plantation, and was soon out of sight.
The pleasantness of the morning,’ ‘the verdure of the early tress’ show the shape of things to come.
He steps forward with eagerness. Her abuse does not diminish his interest in her.
Darcy has the joy of pronouncing her name.
She instinctively took the letter as if she was waiting for it.
The look of haughty composure is necessary to meet her after that much of abuse.
She avoids the places where she may run into Darcy but still she does. He prefers to hand her that letter rather than to sending it to her as the encounter of the previous day enhanced his longing to see her. Meeting her again exhausts his desire but she was not available for leave taking
“Verdure of the early trees” goes with their incipient love
“Haughty composure”. The pride was destroyed. His status is non-existent. His self-respect is more than damaged. No longer he saw the attentions of Caroline Bingley. The submissiveness of Bingley, the solicitude of Lady Catherine are nowhere on the horizon. A chit of a girl of inferior station taunted him, abused him, and accused him of a mean trick and unmanly deceit. Still he has to explain himself to her, rise to her occasion and win her good will and even love. It is an unenviable task. He chose it with eyes open. He was stung as never before just 12 hours ago. To maintain good humor enough to meet his accuser and request her to read his own pleading there is no wonder his composure is haughty
With no expectation of pleasure, but with the strongest curiosity, Elizabeth opened the letter, and, to her still increasing wonder, perceived an envelope containing two sheets of letter-paper, written quite through in a very close hand. The envelope itself was likewise full. Pursuing her way along the lane, she then began it. It was dated from Rosings, at eight o'clock in the morning, and was as follows --
Pleasure is positive curiosity becoming experience.
Increasing wonder is not only about the letter but of the relationship.
The envelope – material – is full as the emotions are full.
It is true that the two-fold subject matter and its extensions need lengthy narration. Also the writing is not descriptive but concise. Still, the very length of the letter reveals the long deep complex involvement of his emotions with hers which are not yet consciously extended to him
"Be not alarmed, madam, on receiving this letter, by the apprehension of its containing any repetition of those sentiments or renewal of those offers which were last night so disgusting to you. I write without any intention of paining you, or humbling myself, by dwelling on wishes which, for the happiness of both, cannot be too soon forgotten; and the effort which the formation, and the perusal of this letter must occasion should have been spared had not my character required it to be written and read. You must, therefore, pardon the freedom with which I demand your attention; your feelings, I know, will bestow it unwillingly, but I demand it of your justice.
He still remembers how, at his proposal, she was apprehensive and alarmed. 35.17
He should like to renew those offers if she would permit.
Last night she was pained, he was humbled.
‘For the happiness of both’ – in his mind they are together yet.
‘Cannot be soon forgotten’ – read I wish to remember.
His letter is also endeavouring to retain the relationship.
His character requires the explanation. His emotions require the writing.
His demanding of her justice is right. But, he demands her approval.
‘Be not alarmed Madam’ promises not to repeat the previous day’s proposal. But that is the only thing on his mind. The unspoken thought is ‘would you accept me after reading this letter?’
‘for the happiness of both’. He includes her in his scheme of things. Twice before, at Netherfield once and Rosings again, he includes her in a statement about him. Her abuses have not alienated her from him
‘My character requires it to be written’. It is not so much his character as his love. ‘Two offences’. One is a mean trick and the other is injustice
"Two offences of a very different nature, and by no means of equal magnitude, you last night laid to my charge. The first-mentioned was that, regardless of the sentiments of either, I had detached Mr. Bingley from your sister; and the other, that I had, in defiance of various claims, in defiance of honour and humanity, ruined the immediate prosperity and blasted the prospects of Mr. Wickham. -- Wilfully and wantonly to have thrown off the companion of my youth, the acknowledged favourite of my father, a young man who had scarcely any other dependence than on our patronage, and who had been brought up to expect its exertion, would be a depravity, to which the separation of two young persons, whose affection could be the growth of only a few weeks, could bear no comparison. But from the severity of that blame which was last night so liberally bestowed, respecting each circumstance, I shall hope to be in future secured, when the following account of my actions and their motives has been read. If, in the explanation of them, which is due to myself, I am under the necessity of relating feelings which may be offensive to yours, I can only say that I am sorry. The necessity must be obeyed, and farther apology would be absurd.
To him, denial of Wickham is significant. To her, Jane is important.
He sees the charge about Wickham is depravity.
Jane’s love is no matter of significance to him.
The liberal bestowal delighted his depths.
The explanation is with respect to the issue, to him, not to her at all. 35.23
Apology would be absurd. He even now feels like abusing her. 35.24
To her both are of equal magnitude. To him one is flimsy, the other is grave. To us one is initiated by Darcy, the other is a falsehood foisted on him. She does not ask him what the truth was about Wickham. She took it for granted that Wickham’s narration was right. It offends him more. Elizabeth takes the side of Wickham and accuses Darcy. Life brings in this falsehood as a complement to the falsehood of Darcy’s pride. Darcy is able to interfere in Jane’s marriage for two reasons. 1) The social gap between them has to be closed. He tries it negatively; 2) Jane’s lack of romantic interest is to be compensated. Caroline and Darcy act negatively because Mrs. Bennet is pushy and Mr. Bennet is aloof. In various ways, Elizabeth becomes a centre of both the problems. Her excessive interest in Jane, Caroline’s anxiety to save Darcy from Elizabeth, Darcy’s unwillingness for his inclination to be seen, the need for Darcy to overcome his stiffness, the need for Elizabeth to be disillusioned of Wickham’s lies are in a knot here
Even here, he is unable to explain without offending her. [Sir William’s comment becomes the small significant event that led to the departure of Bingley’s party.] Darcy must be ashamed of advising Bingley on his love affair. It is more than officious. It is unmanly meanness. He goes on explaining in this letter how he did it
“Farther apology would be absurd”. At the time of his second proposal he is heartily ashamed of this part of the letter. She offered to burn it
"I had not been long in Hertfordshire before I saw, in common with others, that Bingley preferred your eldest sister to any other young woman in the country. But it was not till the evening of the dance at Netherfield that I had any apprehension of his feeling a serious attachment. I had often seen him in love before. At that ball, while I had the honour of dancing with you, I was first made acquainted, by Sir William Lucas's accidental information, that Bingley's attentions to your sister had given rise to a general expectation of their marriage. He spoke of it as a certain event, of which the time alone could be undecided. From that moment I observed my friend's behaviour attentively; and I could then perceive that his partiality for Miss Bennet was beyond what I had ever witnessed in him. Your sister I also watched. Her look and manners were open, cheerful, and engaging as ever, but without any symptom of peculiar regard, and I remained convinced from the evening's scrutiny, that though she received his attentions with pleasure, she did not invite them by any participation of sentiment. If you have not been mistaken here, I must have been in an error. Your superior knowledge of your sister must make the latter probable. -- If it be so, if I have been misled by such error to inflict pain on her, your resentment has not been unreasonable. But I shall not scruple to assert that the serenity of your sister's countenance and air was such as might have given the most acute observer a conviction that, however amiable her temper, her heart was not likely to be easily touched That I was desirous of believing her indifferent is certain -- but I will venture to say that my investigations and decisions are not usually influenced by my hopes or fears. I did not believe her to be indifferent because I wished it; I believed it on impartial conviction, as truly as I wished it in reason. My objections to the marriage were not merely those which I last night acknowledged to have required the utmost force of passion to put aside, in my own case; the want of connexion could not be so great an evil to my friend as to me. But there were other causes of repugnance; -- causes which, though still existing, and existing to an equal degree in both instances, I had myself endeavoured to forget, because they were not immediately before me. These causes must be stated, though briefly. The situation of your mother's family, though objectionable, was nothing in comparison of that total want of propriety so frequently, so almost uniformly betrayed by herself, by your three younger sisters, and occasionally even by your father. Pardon me. It pains me to offend you. But amidst your concern for the defects of your nearest relations, and your displeasure at this representation of them, let it give you consolation to consider that, to have conducted yourselves so as to avoid any share of the like censure, is praise no less generally bestowed on you and your eldest sister, than it is honourable to the sense and disposition of both. I will only say farther, that from what passed that evening my opinion of all parties was confirmed, and every inducement heightened which could have led me before to preserve my friend from what I esteemed a most unhappy connexion. He left Netherfield for London, on the day following, as you, I am certain, remember, with the design of soon returning.
Bingley’s preference is a preference of a dance hall, nothing more.
Bingley falling in love is a behaviour only.
He recollects with satisfaction dancing with her.
The idea of marriage was a surprise.
Ordinarily, it is the duty of a friend to advise on one’s marriage.
It does not suit Elizabeth who seeks a husband for her sister.
Any friend has the right and duty to warn. Elizabeth is wrong.
Bingley is one to whom Darcy is the last word.
He would not like to act on his own for lack of judgement.
Naturally Bingley will seek Darcy’s sanction.
She seeks the approval of her father and Jane to marry Darcy.
Darcy’s observations are right. Jane does not participate.
Not participating in Bingley’s emotions, Jane stands to lose.
Psychologically it is strength.
All that Darcy says of Jane, Charlotte told her.
As a sister, she knows more of Jane, but she too has not heard more.
Darcy is not in error. Elizabeth is.
It is true Jane wanted a husband and her heart was not touched at all.
Jane was not indifferent. She acted indifferent.
Darcy is impartial here.
One can be impartial in another’s case.
Darcy’s objections of Jane, her mother, her sisters are all valid.
‘Total want of propriety’ is a valid charge.
Mrs. Bennet not only betrays her behaviour, but prides in it.
It is paining to read, how cannot it pain him. It does not pain her mother.
Praise mixed with blame given – only blame will be received.
Mrs. Bennet wants Darcy to applaud her for her game of catching Bingley.
It is a most unhappy connection. Darcy did a service.
Darcy has no obligation to get a low girl a rich husband.
Her heart was not likely to be touched”. He is right. Her heart was not touched at all. What happened was she was mightily interested in marrying him. From Bingley’s side there was more than ordinary interest of love. From her side there was none. Darcy here does not have ordinary politeness not to interfere with Bingley. Consider another friend of Darcy or even Bingley observing Elizabeth and finding her hostile to Darcy advising him not to marry her. It is true that Darcy took care of Bingley as no one does of another. Darcy does not even speak to Bingley of his love for Elizabeth
“the total want of propriety”. It is wrong for a gentleman to write these words. But here in the story anything short of this would not have opened Elizabeth’s insensibility to her family
"The part which I acted is now to be explained. His sisters' uneasiness had been equally excited with my own; our coincidence of feeling was soon discovered, and, alike sensible that no time was to be lost in detaching their brother, we shortly resolved on joining him directly in London. We accordingly went -- and there I readily engaged in the office of pointing out to my friend the certain evils of such a choice. I described, and enforced them earnestly. But, however this remonstrance might have staggered or delayed his determination, I do not suppose that it would ultimately have prevented the marriage, had it not been seconded by the assurance, which I hesitated not in giving, of your sister's indifference. He had before believed her to return his affection with sincere, if not with equal regard. But Bingley has great natural modesty, with a stronger dependence on my judgment than on his own. To convince him, therefore, that he had deceived himself, was no very difficult point. To persuade him against returning into Hertfordshire, when that conviction had been given, was scarcely the work of a moment. I cannot blame myself for having done thus much. There is but one part of my conduct in the whole affair on which I do not reflect with satisfaction; it is, that I condescended to adopt the measures of art so far as to conceal from him your sister's being in town. I knew it myself, as it was known to Miss Bingley; but her brother is even yet ignorant of it. That they might have met without ill consequence is perhaps probable; but his regard did not appear to me enough extinguished for him to see her without some danger. Perhaps this concealment, this disguise was beneath me; it is done, however, and it was done for the best. On this subject I have nothing more to say, no other apology to offer. If I have wounded your sister's feelings, it was unknowingly done; and though the motives which governed me may to you very naturally appear insufficient, I have not yet learnt to condemn them.
It is true the culprit is Jane’s pretension.
‘Natural modesty’ is absence of will.
‘Work of a moment,’ is true.
Darcy knows Bingley will not stay away from Jane at Netherfield. He does not have that strength of will.
A ruse, trick, or art does not serve a good purpose.
‘It is beneath me’ when he reviews, not when he did it.
‘Done for the best’ – It is his real emotion and triumph.
A sense of triumph does not withdraw by itself.
Now, he is withdrawing it under pressure.
The whole of the rest of the narration about Bingley is an exhibition of the unexceptionable
Darcy was ungentlemanly in his ruse
"With respect to that other, more weighty accusation, of having injured Mr. Wickham, I can only refute it by laying before you the whole of his connexion with my family. Of what he has particularly accused me I am ignorant; but of the truth of what I shall relate, I can summon more than one witness of undoubted veracity.
Wickham’s is a weighty accusation as it questions Darcy’s character.
People like Wickham, unless they continue to expect patronage or are under fear, will mortally offend the benefactor.
To defend against a particular offence without knowing it in a general way is a laborious thankless job.
To accuse is easy; to defend is not.
A tub that has ten holes will empty itself unless all the ten are plugged.
To fill it, one hole is enough.
One can easily prove that he was present at a place.
He cannot as easily prove he was not there.
Good reputation is built over a long period.
It can be sullied in one minute.
Theoretically, one tries to include in the whole the Non-Being.
"Mr. Wickham is the son of a very respectable man, who had for many years the management of all the Pemberley estates, and whose good conduct in the discharge of his trust naturally inclined my father to be of service to him; and on George Wickham, who was his godson, his kindness was therefore liberally bestowed. My father supported him at school, and afterwards at Cambridge; -- most important assistance, as his own father, always poor from the extravagance of his wife, would have been unable to give him a gentleman's education. My father was not only fond of this young man's society, whose manners were always engaging, he had also the highest opinion of him, and hoping the church would be his profession, intended to provide for him in it. As for myself, it is many, many years since I first began to think of him in a very different manner. The vicious propensities -- the want of principle, which he was careful to guard from the knowledge of his best friend, could not escape the observation of a young man of nearly the same age with himself, and who had opportunities of seeing him in unguarded moments, which Mr. Darcy could not have. Here again I shall give you pain -- to what degree you only can tell. But whatever may be the sentiments which Mr. Wickham has created, a suspicion of their nature shall not prevent me from unfolding his real character -- it adds even another motive.
Such a support at school or college invariably leads to painful situations.
It won’t hurt if there is some compensatory behaviour from the beneficiary.
Try to raise Wickham to be a gentleman, he will pull Darcy to his level
Engaging manners are enticing traps.
No one can arrive at a right opinion of another unless he knows him fully.
He who pleases, longs to hurt, as he does it against his will.
Hiding is an art, not all can practise it.
With a colleague, it is difficult to hide.
Wickham was cunning from the beginning and practised deceit artfully. The elder Darcy was taken in. The rudeness of Darcy should have made Wickham easily popular. Wickham is a parasite, bad character of ill-nature. He is a penniless person whose deceit will be exposed after the first round. The wrong side of life’s potential is great and dangerous when wealthy aristocrats acquire this charm of person and wreak havoc on others. Life becomes complete only when such propensities are exhausted. Wickham’s subtle resourcefulness brings him where he is to fulfil his insatiable craving of duping Darcy of money, which he does successfully. Man’s accomplishment is not determined by his capacity for work. It is determined by his capacity to handle the opposite forces. Rules of life do not permit Darcy to get rid of Wickham. He is to handle them and absorb them into his own life or overcome them. Otherwise, if he tries to escape at the first touch, it will keep coming in the shape of another person
"My excellent father died about five years ago; and his attachment to Mr. Wickham was to the last so steady, that in his will he particularly recommended it to me, to promote his advancement in the best manner that his profession might allow -- and if he took orders, desired that a valuable family living might be his as soon as it became vacant. There was also a legacy of one thousand pounds. His own father did not long survive mine, and within half a year from these events, Mr. Wickham wrote to inform me that, having finally resolved against taking orders, he hoped I should not think it unreasonable for him to expect some more immediate pecuniary advantage, in lieu of the preferment, by which he could not be benefited. He had some intention, he added, of studying the law, and I must be aware that the interest of one thousand pounds would be a very insufficient support therein. I rather wished than believed him to be sincere; but, at any rate, was perfectly ready to accede to his proposal. I knew that Mr. Wickham ought not to be a clergyman; the business was therefore soon settled -- he resigned all claim to assistance in the church, were it possible that he could ever be in a situation to receive it, and accepted in return three thousand pounds. All connexion between us seemed now dissolved. I thought too ill of him to invite him to Pemberley, or admit his society in town. In town I believe he chiefly lived, but his studying the law was a mere pretence, and being now free from all restraint, his life was a life of idleness and dissipation. For about three years I heard little of him; but on the decease of the incumbent of the living which had been designed for him, he applied to me again by letter for the presentation. His circumstances, he assured me, and I had no difficulty in believing it, were exceedingly bad. He had found the law a most unprofitable study, and was now absolutely resolved on being ordained, if I would present him to the living in question -- of which he trusted there could be little doubt, as he was well assured that I had no other person to provide for, and I could not have forgotten my revered father's intentions. You will hardly blame me for refusing to comply with this entreaty, or for resisting every repetition of it. His resentment was in proportion to the distress of his circumstances -- and he was doubtless as violent in his abuse of me to others as in his reproaches to myself. After this period every appearance of acquaintance was dropt. How he lived I know not. But last summer he was again most painfully obtruded on my notice.
Three thousand pounds is a vast sum.
When Elizabeth confronts him later over this topic, she never mentions this sum.
Whenever she has an occasion to heavily condemn him, she refrains from it
That £3000 brought him back.
Darcy did not remove Wickham’s miniature from Pemberley.
It is not in the power of Darcy to control Wickham. Darcy paid off his debts in Lambton.
Even after he eloped with Lydia in the heart of Elizabeth there is no condemnation of Wickham. I am sure she would have gone with him instead of Lydia.
Man has not learnt to overcome the charm of falsehood.
Women LOVE falsehood as if it is celestial gift.
Any girl young or old, married or unmarried will readily accept Wickham except for social odium. He is charming in the sense he interests the falsehood in the other. Wickham relates to a person, touches his falsehood and expands it.
Dissipation uses the tool of falsehood.
Dissipation too builds by destroying.
One who dissipates, if he turns around, will be more perfect than others, as he knows what to avoid.
Those who dissipate spend the capital, not only the income from it.
In such a case, the capital itself would be ill-gotten.
To one who seeks the Spirit, all property is ill gotten, as one cannot possess.
Dissipaters refuse to learn. They have learnt all the art of dissipation.
Truth in Darcy’s life is so great that he arrives a day early to the elopement.
He arrives a day early to Pemberley to meet Elizabeth.
The 8th reversal may require Wickham to destroy Pemberley.
"I must now mention a circumstance which I would wish to forget myself, and which no obligation less than the present should induce me to unfold to any human being. Having said thus much, I feel no doubt of your secrecy. My sister, who is more than ten years my junior, was left to the guardianship of my mother's nephew, Colonel Fitzwilliam, and myself. About a year ago she was taken from school, and an establishment formed for her in London; and last summer she went with the lady who presided over it to Ramsgate; and thither also went Mr. Wickham, undoubtedly by design; for there proved to have been a prior acquaintance between him and Mrs. Younge, in whose character we were most unhappily deceived; and by her connivance and aid, he so far recommended himself to Georgiana, whose affectionate heart retained a strong impression of his kindness to her as a child, that she was persuaded to believe herself in love, and to consent to an elopement. She was then but fifteen, which must be her excuse; and after stating her imprudence, I am happy to add that I owed the knowledge of it to herself. I joined them unexpectedly a day or two before the intended elopement, and then Georgiana, unable to support the idea of grieving and offending a brother whom she almost looked up to as a father, acknowledged the whole to me. You may imagine what I felt and how I acted. Regard for my sister's credit and feelings prevented any public exposure; but I wrote to Mr. Wickham, who left the place immediately, and Mrs. Younge was of course removed from her charge. Mr. Wickham's chief object was unquestionably my sister's fortune, which is thirty thousand pounds; but I cannot help supposing that the hope of revenging himself on me was a strong inducement. His revenge would have been complete indeed.
Georgiana’s elopement is to be spoken of, as Elizabeth met Fitzwilliams.
Georgiana’s elopement precipitated as Lydia’s elopement. By the first Wickham hoped to become Darcy’s brother-in-law. By the second, he did become his brother in-law in another fashion. Darcy finding Wickham troublesome got rid of him first by paying £3000 and next paying off his debts. Money that is not due, if paid, will repeat itself, which it did in this case. Talking to Fitzwilliam Elizabeth touches upon the trying age of his charge unconsciously. It shows elopement is there in the air
"This, madam, is a faithful narrative of every event in which we have been concerned together; and if you do not absolutely reject it as false, you will, I hope, acquit me henceforth of cruelty towards Mr. Wickham. I know not in what manner, under what form of falsehood he has imposed on you; but his success is not perhaps to be wondered at, ignorant as you previously were of everything concerning either. Detection could not be in your power, and suspicion certainly not in your inclination.
Later Darcy tells her that he felt he was calm and cool when he wrote it, but on subsequent reflection, he found it was written in bitterness of spirit. His confession was true and sincere
"You may possibly wonder why all this was not told you last night; but I was not then master enough of myself to know what could or ought to be revealed. For the truth of everything here related, I can appeal more particularly to the testimony of Colonel Fitzwilliam, who, from our near relationship and constant intimacy, and, still more as one of the executors of my father's will, has been unavoidably acquainted with every particular of these transactions. If your abhorrence of me should make my assertions valueless, you cannot be prevented by the same cause from confiding in my cousin; and that there may be the possibility of consulting him, I shall endeavour to find some opportunity of putting this letter in your hands in the course of the morning. I will only add, God bless you. "Fitzwilliam Darcy."