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Elizabeth had settled it that Mr. Darcy would bring his sister to visit her the very day after her reaching Pemberley; and was consequently resolved not to be out of sight of the inn the whole of that morning. But her conclusion was false; for on the very morning after their own arrival at Lambton these visitors came. They had been walking about the place with some of their new friends, and were just returned to the inn to dress themselves for dining with the same family, when the sound of a carriage drew them to a window, and they saw a gentleman and lady in a curricle driving up the street. Elizabeth, immediately recognising the livery, guessed what it meant, and imparted no small degree of surprise to her relations by acquainting them with the honour which she expected. Her uncle and aunt were all amazement; and the embarrassment of her manner as she spoke, joined to the circumstance itself, and many of the circumstances of the preceding day, opened to them a new idea on the business. Nothing had ever suggested it before, but they now felt that there was no other way of accounting for such attentions from such a quarter than by supposing a partiality for their niece. While these newly born notions were passing in their heads, the perturbation of Elizabeth's feelings was every moment increasing. She was quite amazed at her own discomposure; but amongst other causes of disquiet, she dreaded lest the partiality of the brother should have said too much in her favour; and, more than commonly anxious to please, she naturally suspected that every power of pleasing would fail her.
Like Mr. Collin’s proposal, men in Darcy’s position cannot wait.
The rule that expectation will postpone holds good here but advances their visit.
There is no mention here whether Mrs. Gardiner knows of the intended visit.
It is not right for her to hide it from them.
She will be embarrassed to let them know the visit and if they did not come, the embarrassment will increase.
Anyway, as she did with Jane about Darcy’s letter, with her father about Darcy’s proposal, she has a natural propensity to secrecy. Rightly or wrongly, we see her trait served her well.
No further comment is possible as Austen has not shared with us her character.
Nor is there any concern in Elizabeth of the response of Aunt and Uncle. She was concerned about his sister overrating her values.
Elizabeth plans not to miss Miss Darcy the next morning. Darcy is a lover and lovers do not wait. He brings his sister and Bingley on the same day of their coming
It is significant that Darcy does not bring Bingley’s sisters now to the inn. Even to Longbourn he does not bring them. He brings only Bingley. These are realities of life. Sisters do not like brothers to marry. A rival is not a conducive companion for invitations that should lead to an engagement
She retreated from the window, fearful of being seen; and as she walked up and down the room, endeavouring to compose herself, saw such looks of enquiring surprise in her uncle and aunt as made everything worse.
Miss Darcy and her brother appeared, and this formidable introduction took place. With astonishment did Elizabeth see that her new acquaintance was at least as much embarrassed as herself. Since her being at Lambton, she had heard that Miss Darcy was exceedingly proud; but the observation of a very few minutes convinced her that she was only exceedingly shy. She found it difficult to obtain even a word from her beyond a monosyllable.
The one thing common to her and Miss Darcy, apart from Darcy’s value, is their admiration of Wickham.
Ignorance describes shyness as pride.
Miss Darcy was tall, and on a larger scale than Elizabeth; and, though little more than sixteen, her figure was formed, and her appearance womanly and graceful. She was less handsome than her brother; but there was sense and good-humour in her face, and her manners were perfectly unassuming and gentle. Elizabeth, who had expected to find in her as acute and unembarrassed an observer as ever Mr. Darcy had been, was much relieved by discerning such different feelings.
They had not been long together before Darcy told her that Bingley was also coming to wait on her; and she had barely time to express her satisfaction, and prepare for such a visitor, when Bingley's quick step was heard on the stairs, and in a moment he entered the room. All Elizabeth's anger against him had been long done away; but had she still felt any, it could hardly have stood its ground against the unaffected cordiality with which he expressed himself on seeing her again. He inquired in a friendly, though general way, after her family, and looked and spoke with the same good-humoured ease that he had ever done.
Darcy bringing his sister and Bingley without his sisters is a new turn.
The atmosphere of cordiality is preserved.
Bingley remains the same forever.
To Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner he was scarcely a less interesting personage than to herself. They had long wished to see him. The whole party before them, indeed, excited a lively attention. The suspicions which had just arisen of Mr. Darcy and their niece directed their observation towards each with an earnest though guarded inquiry; and they soon drew from those inquiries the full conviction that one of them at least knew what it was to love. Of the lady's sensations they remained a little in doubt; but that the gentleman was overflowing with admiration was evident enough.
Mr. and Mrs. Gardiners need no more than a few minutes to know the truth.
Darcy’s overflowing admiration is on the surface to see.
Elizabeth, on her side, had much to do. She wanted to ascertain the feelings of each of her visitors; she wanted to compose her own, and to make herself agreeable to all; and in the latter object, where she feared most to fail, she was most sure of success, for those to whom she endeavoured to give pleasure were prepossessed in her favour. Bingley was ready, Georgiana was eager, and Darcy determined, to be pleased.
Bingley was ready to be pleased, Georgiana was eager and Darcy determined to be pleased. This indicates a positive atmosphere
In spite of the very positive atmosphere, there was total absence of social psychological strength, because she was not composed. Georgiana was more than shy. Bingley brought no strength. In the absence of strength which was further poked by Caroline the next day, Lydia was able to elope.
The elopement would have been impossible if Elizabeth had had personal strength or wealth or if there had been overflowing cheerfulness in their meeting. For all the good luck of Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, they do not carry strength to prevent the elopement.
For some reason Caroline could have been missing thus avoiding the disturbing movement. The atmosphere strong enough to let Elizabeth meet Darcy once and his sister again without Caroline. Caroline is bent on marrying Darcy. She has £ 20,000 and is supported by her sister. She could not be ejected from the scheme without having her say. She is, in her opinion, the earlier claimant.
Readiness to be pleased, eager to please, determined to please all are good but not enough to prevent Caroline to be there.
In seeing Bingley, her thoughts naturally flew to her sister; and oh! How ardently did she long to know whether any of his were directed in a like manner. Sometimes she could fancy that he talked less than on former occasions, and once or twice pleased herself with the notion that, as he looked at her, he was trying to trace a resemblance. But, though this might be imaginary, she could not be deceived as to his behaviour to Miss Darcy, who had been set up as a rival to Jane. No look appeared on either side that spoke particular regard. Nothing occurred between them that could justify the hopes of his sister. On this point she was soon satisfied; and two or three little circumstances occurred ere they parted, which, in her anxious interpretation, denoted a recollection of Jane not untinctured by tenderness, and a wish of saying more that might lead to the mention of her, had he dared. He observed to her, at a moment when the others were talking together, and in a tone which had something of real regret, that it "was a very long time since he had had the pleasure of seeing her;" and, before she could reply, he added, "It is above eight months. We have not met since the 26th of November, when we were all dancing together at Netherfield."
Bingley talked less on this occasion.
Of course, Darcy has not lifted the ban, but has not banned his meeting her.
Bingley does not directly inquire about Jane.
I am not sure whether it was the etiquette of the time or it is Darcy’s doing.
Elizabeth’s conclusion that there is no love in him for Miss Darcy is true here, but no one saw Darcy’s love for her. It is true a formed interest in the person is unmistakable, but it is possible, as the Kural says, for them to pass as strangers.
‘Two or three little incidents’ – They are unmistakably for an eye looking for symptoms.
‘It is very long time’ ‘ 26th November’ are clear indications of interest.
It is remarkable that Elizabeth was never once interested in Bingley.
The most he could ask is whether all her sisters were at home.
Elizabeth saw there was no relationship between Bingley and Miss Darcy
Elizabeth was pleased to find his memory so exact; and he afterwards took occasion to ask her, when unattended to by any of the rest, whether all her sisters were at Longbourn. There was not much in the question, nor in the preceding remark; but there was a look and a manner which gave them meaning.
By seeing very little of Darcy, she knew all the changes that came over him. 44.38
Bingley whispers to Elizabeth about their dancing at Netherfield when he was not observed. Certainly, he evinces interest in her for the sake of Jane, but takes care he is not observed. His subordination to Darcy is in spirit and total
It was not often that she could turn her eyes on Mr. Darcy himself; but, whenever she did catch a glimpse, she saw an expression of general complaisance, and in all that he said she heard an accent so far removed from hauteur or disdain of his companions, as convinced her that the improvement of manners which she had yesterday witnessed, however temporary its existence might prove, had at least outlived one day. When she saw him thus seeking the acquaintance and courting the good opinion of people with whom any intercourse a few months ago would have been a disgrace -- when she saw him thus civil, not only to herself, but to the very relations whom he had openly disdained, and recollected their last lively scene in Hunsford Parsonage -- the difference, the change was so great, and struck so forcibly on her mind, that she could hardly restrain her astonishment from being visible. Never, even in the company of his dear friends at Netherfield, or his dignified relations at Rosings, had she seen him so desirous to please, so free from self-consequence or unbending reserve, as now, when no importance could result from the success of his endeavours, and when even the acquaintance of those to whom his attentions were addressed would draw down the ridicule and censure of the ladies both of Netherfield and Rosings.
It is true Darcy’s manners have really improved over his Netherfield days.
He had endeavoured to change deeply enough.
Elizabeth sees Darcy desirous of pleasing her, quite different from his behaviour at Netherfield, Rosings or Hunsford. They were before his change of attitude. Now that the attitude is changed, he actively seeks to please her and others for her
New roles, as Miss Darcy has to play, however brief, do not easily come.
Their visitors staid with them above half an hour; and when they arose to depart, Mr. Darcy called on his sister to join him in expressing their wish of seeing Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner, and Miss Bennet, to dinner at Pemberley, before they left the country. Miss Darcy, though with a diffidence which marked her little in the habit of giving invitations, readily obeyed. Mrs. Gardiner looked at her niece, desirous of knowing how she, whom the invitation most concerned, felt disposed as to its acceptance, but Elizabeth had turned away her head. Presuming, however, that this studied avoidance spoke rather a momentary embarrassment than any dislike of the proposal, and seeing in her husband, who was fond of society, a perfect willingness to accept it, she ventured to engage for her attendance, and the day after the next was fixed on.
Why does Elizabeth turn her face away?
Propriety requires the invitation to be addressed to the elders.
The visit and the invitation show how ill-formed the social consciousness is.
Therefore it can be poked.
As their estimation of Darcy rises, their opinion of Wickham sinks. Circumstances seem to build up for the anti-climax of the news of elopement. Following the events with the subsequent event in mind, the course of events and the measure of energy in those events will confirm the rules of life
Bingley expressed great pleasure in the certainty of seeing Elizabeth again, having still a great deal to say to her, and many enquiries to make after all their Hertfordshire friends. Elizabeth, construing all this into a wish of hearing her speak of her sister, was pleased; and on this account, as well as some others, found herself, when their visitors left them, capable of considering the last half-hour with some satisfaction, though while it was passing the enjoyment of it had been little. Eager to be alone, and fearful of enquiries or hints from her uncle and aunt, she staid with them only long enough to hear their favourable opinion of Bingley, and then hurried away to dress.
It was cultured of them not to probe her relations with Darcy.
It helped save the situation.
But she had no reason to fear Mr. and Mrs. Gardiner's curiosity; it was not their wish to force her communication. It was evident that she was much better acquainted with Mr. Darcy than they had before any idea of; it was evident that he was very much in love with her. They saw much to interest, but nothing to justify inquiry.
The opinion framed by the Gardiners was right.
But it could be entirely in the wrong as she, on the basis of some report, thought Darcy to be proud and after meeting so many times found Wickham acceptable.
Of Mr. Darcy it was now a matter of anxiety to think well; and, as far as their acquaintance reached, there was no fault to find. They could not be untouched by his politeness; and had they drawn his character from their own feelings and his servant's report, without any reference to any other account, the circle in Hertfordshire to which he was known would not have recognised it for Mr. Darcy. There was now an interest, however, in believing the housekeeper; and they soon became sensible that the authority of a servant who had known him since he was four years old, and whose own manners indicated respectability, was not to be hastily rejected. Neither had anything occurred in the intelligence of their Lambton friends that could materially lessen its weight. They had nothing to accuse him of but pride; pride he probably had, and if not, it would certainly be imputed by the inhabitants of a small market-town where the family did not visit. It was acknowledged, however, that he was a liberal man, and did much good among the poor.
The news of Wickham’s profligacy coming is in a parallel to Darcy coming closer together.
With respect to Wickham, the travellers soon found that he was not held there in much estimation; for though the chief of his concerns with the son of his patron were imperfectly understood, it was yet a well-known fact that, on his quitting Derbyshire, he had left many debts behind him, which Mr. Darcy afterwards discharged.
As for Elizabeth, her thoughts were at Pemberley this evening more than the last; and the evening, though as it passed it seemed long, was not long enough to determine her feelings towards one in that mansion; and she lay awake two whole hours endeavouring to make them out. She certainly did not hate him. No; hatred had vanished long ago, and she had almost as long been ashamed of ever feeling a dislike against him, that could be so called. The respect created by the conviction of his valuable qualities, though at first unwillingly admitted, had for some time ceased to be repugnant to her feelings; and it was now heightened into somewhat of a friendlier nature by the testimony so highly in his favour, and bringing forward his disposition in so amiable a light, which yesterday had produced. But above all, above respect and esteem, there was a motive within her of goodwill which could not be overlooked. It was gratitude -- gratitude, not merely for having once loved her, but for loving her still well enough to forgive all the petulance and acrimony of her manner in rejecting him, and all the unjust accusations accompanying her rejection. He who, she had been persuaded, would avoid her as his greatest enemy, seemed, on this accidental meeting, most eager to preserve the acquaintance, and without any indelicate display of regard, or any peculiarity of manner, where their two selves only were concerned, was soliciting the good opinion of her friends, and bent on making her known to his sister. Such a change in a man of so much pride, excited not only astonishment but gratitude -- for to love, ardent love, it must be attributed; and as such, its impression on her was of a sort to be encouraged, as by no means unpleasing, though it could not be exactly defined. She respected, she esteemed, she was grateful to him, she felt a real interest in his welfare; and she only wanted to know how far she wished that welfare to depend upon herself, and how far it would be for the happiness of both that she should employ the power, which her fancy told her she still possessed, of bringing on the renewal of his addresses.
Hatred had vanished, but there was no love.
The respect for his good qualities was for some time repugnant to her.
This is the true human situation.
Gratitude is powerful in this sense, but cannot have the charm.
After receiving the letter she has no reason to expect anything good from him. He was only defending himself in the letter, no tenderness.
She is now more than sure of his love.
Even for this love, there is no reason to expect it to survive the elopement.
The respect created for his valuable qualities had for some time ceased to be repugnant to her feelings. As respect for him was initially repugnant to her, the question of love does not arise
We see gratitude can also follow repugnance
Man cannot be spontaneous more than once. Love of any description needs spontaneity. She exhausted it with Wickham. She responded to Wickham as she is the daughter of Mrs. Bennet and Mrs. Bennet is more in her than Mr. Bennet
It had been settled in the evening, between the aunt and niece, that such a striking civility as Miss Darcy's, in coming to them on the very day of her arrival at Pemberley, for she had reached it only to a late breakfast, ought to be imitated, though it could not be equalled, by some exertion of politeness on their side; and, consequently, that it would be highly expedient to wait on her at Pemberley the following morning. They were, therefore, to go. -- Elizabeth was pleased; though when she asked herself the reason, she had very little to say in reply.
No more fishing is a whimsical invitation.
Elizabeth and the Gardiners go to Pemberley a little in advance to reciprocate Darcy’s civility. It is all right for the superior, not for the inferior. The provocation she had from Caroline and the initial cool welcome prove that it was not right
Mr. Gardiner left them soon after breakfast. The fishing scheme had been renewed the day before, and a positive engagement made of his meeting some of the gentlemen at Pemberley by noon.